Reduce, Re-use & Recycle


  1. Principles


1.1 The three R’s:


Generate as little waste as possible (reduce).

Use the same item repeatedly wherever possible (re-use).

Recycle as much as possible.


1.2 Separating waste at the source:


Natural waste: Giving compost and food waste to livestock.

Re-usable waste: Use

Recyclable waste: Separate, sell (see 2.4).

Non-recyclable waste: Turn in/pick up and transfer to the Saparua or Toisapu landfills; long-term: incinerator, probably on Ambon.


1.3 Win-Win


The goal is to protect the direct environment in which people live. To the greatest extent possible, we follow the principle: waste is a resource.

That means we think about what waste management can provide the population. In the Lease Islands region, transportation is relatively expensive, meaning the return on investment would be low there. Is government subsidization necessary?


  1. Waste removal organization


2.1 Responsibility and management


The governments are responsible for waste management policy.

Governments make agreements with companies with regard to pick-up, transport and treatment of waste.

Costs from earnings + contribution by government and households.


2.2 The role of citizens


Citizens must follow the rules when it comes to separating waste.

Citizens must encourage one another to stop simply littering or dumping waste.

Burgers must voluntarily cooperate with and contribute to clean-up activities.

Institutions such as schools, churches and associations have an important role in educating and guiding the public.


2.3 Villages versus Lease Islands region as a whole (micro versus macro)


We are striving toward organizing waste removal throughout all of the Lease Islands.

Rules are to be put in place which villages must then abide by.

Up until now, initiatives have been launched and carried out on the village level (also with Dutch support).

Even after a central policy is put in place, such village-specific activities and initiatives will continue.


2.4 Recycling


We are striving to ensure recycling options for as many categories of waste as possible. This is a developmental issue (see, for example, recycling mobile phones in Africa).


We start with materials that are already possible to recycle. This will possibly involve organizing a “sampah bank” with cooperation from an existing bank  ; alternatively sampah banks will be organized for each village.

Should contracts be made with buyers of waste materials?

Should plastic waste be sent to Ambon/Toisapu (public sector), to private companies, to Green Moluccas?


2.5 Non-recyclables


The question is: when will an incinerator (including power generator) be built in Maluku? In Europe, old landfills are currently being emptied and processed into various end products.

For the time being, landfills are necessary in Maluku. A key question is whether non-recyclable waste should be transported centrally to Toisapu or should a landfill be created on each island?

[w.g.1]Hier was de NL tekst niet zo duidelijk; wat voor een bank? Een “recycling center”? Of heeft dit met funding/financing te maken?

[w.g.2]Nu begrijp ik waar het hier om gaat; heb de tekst aangepast!